Thursday, January 31, 2013

Tampines St 45 dangerously accident-prone, say residents

TAMPINES - A day after the horrific accident, people were still jaywalking.

Pedestrians at Tampines Street 45 were seen ignoring traffic lights as they crossed the street, casually strolling with their earphones plugged in.

Some students even ran across the road.
This, despite the fact that the street is infamous among residents there.

"The area is dangerously accident-prone," claimed Mr Michael Seet, 60, a retiree.

The resident of Block 491C did not witness Monday's tragedy, but claimed to have seen other accidents happen on Street 45, such as one involving a woman early one morning two years ago.

On Dec 6, 2011, Madam Mislia Ahmad, 65, was killed by a car turning right from Street 45 into Tampines Avenue 9, reported The Straits Times.

Near misses

Many residents also told The New Paper about their near misses with speeding vehicles there.

Mr John Tan, 64, claimed he was almost hit by a lorry at the junction of Street 45 and Avenue 9, when the traffic lights had been in his favour.

"Many lorries speed here," said the retiree, who lives in Block 489. "They are really too fast.

Accidents like that (Monday's accident) can be avoided if they weren't so fast."

TNP understands there is a construction site beside Block 491E. Two blocks of flats and a multi-storey carpark are being built there.

Residents also complained about how there were too many heavy vehicles on the narrow road.
Street 45 is a two-lane road that runs to the four-lane Tampines Avenue 9.

Opposite the road is All Saints Home, a nursing home for the elderly.

There is a zebra crossing just outside Dunman Secondary School, with signs warning motorists of crossing students. The speed limit for Street 45 is 50kmh.

When The New Paper went to the junction at 1.30pm yesterday, many school buses were turning into the narrow road.

They were there to drop off students after school and when they turned, they took up nearly half of the street.

We also counted a total of 34 heavy vehicles between 5pm and 6pm, including buses, cement trucks and other construction trucks.

Monday's accident had happened at around 5.50pm.

"The turning is so narrow that when the heavy vehicles turn, there is no space for the children to stand. It's very dangerous for them," said Mrs Priya Senthil, 32, who lives in Block 498B.

The mother of two claimed that children often walk along the road from Dunman Secondary School or from Tampines North Primary School.

Others, like Mr Muhammad Adanan, 23, blamed the traffic lights.

Mr Adanan, a tow-head driver who moves containers around shipyards, claimed that during peak hours, only four or five cars can drive through the Avenue 9 junction each time before the light changes.

"I often see people try to speed up, to beat the lights," he said.

Between 5pm and 6pm yesterday, we witnessed at least six vehicles trying to beat the red light.
Mr Adanan lives in Block 494 with his family. In the six months he has lived there, he has heard of three accidents there, he claimed.

"It's quite a scary place, quite dangerous. I hope something can be done," he said.

Many residents are now calling for a change.

"We need more speed bumps and more traffic police here," said a resident, who wanted to be known only as Madam Koh.

Friday, January 25, 2013

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Boy, 2, may not live to adulthood

His life expectancy may be less than the average person's, but Branden Lim's family are determined to make the most of his remaining years.

It is a perfectly average domestic scene set around the family dining table.

Mother Yap Sook Yee, 38, is keeping an eye on five-year-old Jaden to ensure that he doesn't get so distracted by his iPad game that he doesn't eat his lunch, and Branden, two, is demanding his father Edmund Lim's attention by repeatedly calling out "Pa! Pa! Pa!" from his baby chair.

There are only two things to disturb this pretty family picture: the nasogastric tube going into Branden's left nostril, and the two blue support cushions tucked in snugly on either side to help keep him sitting upright.

Life has not been easy for the Lims ever since they discovered that Branden is suffering from a genetic disorder called spinal muscular atrophy (SMA).

Unsuspected disorder 

With firstborn Jaden being a regular, healthy kid, and no known history of genetic diseases in either family, Yap and Lim, 39, had no inkling that they were actually carriers of a defective, recessive copy of the SMN1 gene.

This gene is in charge of producing a protein called survival motor neuron (SMN), which, as its name states, is crucial for the survival of motor neurons.

Motor neurons are nerve cells located within the central nervous system, which control both voluntary and involuntary muscle movement.

The lack of the SMN protein leads to the early death of these motor neurons; and as neurons have very limited regeneration capacities, this spells very bad news for the affected person.

While carriers of the defective gene are not affected physically, each offspring of two such carriers has a one-in-four chance of inheriting two recessive copies of the SMN1 gene, resulting in them developing SMA.

Warning signs 

Yap shares that while her pregnancy with Branden was normal, the first intimation that something might be wrong came during his birth.

"When Branden was delivered, he was immediately admitted to the NICU (neonatal intensive care unit) because he didn't really cry - there was fluid in his lungs." she says.

Lim, a commercial manager with a multinational company, recalls that Branden had to be put on continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) at that time, in order to help him breathe.

However, he recovered enough to be discharged eight days later, although the doctor advised that he be kept away from crowded places.

The next few months passed by uneventfully, until Branden reached three months of age.

Yap recalls: "He was able to turn at three months, but that was the first and last time he ever did it."
As the months went on, Branden started missing more milestones, like sitting up and crawling, but his parents thought that he was just a more "relaxed" baby. He also developed trembling fingers.

Then, at five months, Branden's paediatrician found him to be hypotonic, ie his muscles had less tone or strength than normal.

"He said it was a general symptom, which could indicate multiple different conditions, from simple to complex," says Lim.

"Branden was then started on physiotherapy, which worked for awhile, but then, it stopped having any effect."

However, the alarm bells really started to ring when Branden was about a year old.

"At one year of age, he had only gained 100g (from six months)," says Yap.

Lim adds: "That was one of the key indications that something was wrong; he was missing more milestones."

It was then that Yap started researching Branden's condition, and soon realised that something was not right with him.

With a few conditions in mind, she took Branden to his paediatrician, who agreed with her on the possibilities, and referred them to a paediatric geneticist. "He did multiple tests, then confirmed that the diagnosis was SMA."

Immediate reaction 

Initially, Yap had kept quiet about the tests to Lim, as he was working in London on an overseas assignment. But he arrived back in time for them to receive the results together.

"It was like the whole house had fallen down around us; we were totally shocked by the diagnosis," he recalls.

And if that weren't bad news enough, three days later, Jaden came down with chickenpox.

Yap had to move with Branden to her sister's house as a quarantine measure, while Lim took care of Jaden at home.

This meant that the shock and heavy weight of Branden's SMA diagnosis had to be borne separately for the mother and father, on top of caring for each son. "We went through the stages of grief separately," Lim shares.

Those 14 days of quarantine also gave them time to research the condition.

"We quickly signed up with Families of SMA, who reached out to us and sent us a care package on SMA immediately," says Lim.

Families of SMA is an American-based non-profit organisation formed by parents of children with SMA, which aims to support families affected by SMA, and to fund research, which could lead to a treatment, and eventual cure, for the condition.

They also decided to inform their family and friends via a Facebook note and email of Branden's diagnosis. "After all, we had nothing to be ashamed of," says Lim, who adds that sending out that message also helped them to move on from their initial shock and grief.

Emotional support 

While medical help and expertise were readily at hand, what Yap and Lim wanted was emotional and practical support from parents who are, or have been, in their position.

"We knew that time was not on our side; SMA is a genetic killer, so we had to be really quick in finding other people who also have it.

"We wanted to reach out to other parents to learn from them and also, for emotional support."

Their paediatrician had told them about a local 16-year-old SMA patient, whom they were eager to get in touch with.

Coincidentally, two days after they had posted their Facebook note, one of their friends realised that she knew this girl and her family, and was able to put the two families in touch.

"It gave us hope, to see someone with a fairly bad case of SMA, still able to live until her teens," says Yap.

Prioritising needs 

The scares were not over though, as Jaden contracted hand, foot and mouth (HFM) disease about a month after his chickenpox, which promptly got passed on to Branden.

Unfortunately, the disease hit the younger boy harder, and he had to be hospitalised for five days.

Following that, the Lims' Cambodian maid got a belated case of the chickenpox, and had to be sent off to Yap's mother's house.

"Our hearts never stopped beating really fast that whole time," Yap recalls, with a smile.

Their maid's chickenpox fortunately, turned out to be the last of the two months of bad news and domestic chaos, allowing them to finally settle down and prioritise what needed to be done for Branden's condition.

Yap, who had worked part-time in the fashion and beauty industry prior to Branden's birth, and had intended to go back to work after he turned one, now gave up that idea to remain a fulltime homemaker.

Lim, being of practical mind, immersed himself in research for solutions to Branden's multiple problems.

SMA can be divided into four categories based on age of onset of the disease, with Type I being the most severe form, and Type IV, the least severe.

Branden's symptoms and age of onset place him between Type I and Type II.

At his current two years of age, he is able to sit up with support, move his arms and legs, and eat solids. However, he gets physically tired easily, and does not have enough strength to press a piano key down.

Nutrition has been a major concern for Yap, as Branden is underweight for his age.

"That's my biggest headache - I don't know if it is because he is in his terrible twos, but because he can't talk properly, it's difficult to tell if he is full or doesn't like the food," says Yap.

Lim adds: "We have to figure out what are the most 'power-packed' foods to give him, for example, juice versus water.

"And now that he's getting fussy, we have to figure out what he likes, which is also nutritious enough for him."

Like Yap, most people are unlikely to realise the sheer number of muscles involved in the digestive process.

From chewing and swallowing, to the involuntary muscles that prevent food from coming back out the stomach, and those involved in passing motion, every muscle that participates in this process is affected by SMA.

Living in fear 

Thus, Branden frequently gets constipated because he doesn't have the strength to push out his stool.
He also vomits fairly often, as the involuntary muscles of his stomach are not strong enough to hold in too much food, which ends up being regurgitated.

Because of this, aspiration pneumonia is a major source of concern. In fact, pneumonia is one of the main causes of death for SMA patients.

In aspiration pneumonia, food that is regurgitated up the oesophagus gets diverted into the trachea and down the lungs. Once in the lungs, it results in pneumonia.

Branden has already been hospitalised for pneumonia once last August. That is where he obtained his nasogastric tube, which his parents are using to supplement his nutrition.

"We were so happy with the tube, but we didn't know the flow rates. We thought that we could give him as much milk as he needed through it, but then it all just came out again, like the Merlion in Singapore," says Lim with a laugh.

"That's where support is so important," says Yap. "We called a friend in Singapore who is an SMA mother, and she advised us on the best way to use the tube."

Lim adds: "Maintaining his calorie intake, and trying to track whether he has silent aspiration, are our current priorities."

Continuing challenges 

Breathing is another major concern for SMA patients.

While Branden can currently breathe on his own, he does need help clearing out the secretions from his lungs, and his parents are careful to monitor his oxygen levels both day and night.

However, Lim acknowledges that at some point in the future, Branden may be unable to breathe on his own, and will need some sort of mechanical assistance.

A further complication is likely to be the onset of scoliosis, which tends to develop in SMA patients at the age of seven or so.

Branden's range of movement will also becoming increasingly limited, as he grows older and his muscles, weaker.

In order to give him a shot at as regular a life as possible, he will need items like custom-made wheelchairs, bath equipment and special utensils; intensive and ongoing physiotherapy, occupational therapy, speech therapy and hydrotherapy; and home-schooling, among others.

Lim laments that while many of these things are provided for, and even taken for granted in the United States, Malaysia is lagging far behind in terms of appropriate and available home equipment, and educational opportunities.

No insurance company here covers SMA, and while medical treatment and adjunct therapies are available in public hospitals for a minimal fee, the Lims have to provide for the various equipment Branden needs at home.

And there is also his older brother, Jaden.

"The other challenge is having a sibling - teaching him to care for his sibling, and also, a lot of attention has to be given to Branden, so he is also being challenged emotionally," says Yap, adding that they try to allocate time for herself and Jaden, Lim and Jaden, as well as couple time for herself and Lim.

Lim adds: "We always try to think of activities we can do as a family, things that Branden and Jaden can do together."


They are also fortunate to have a good support system.

Lim says: "Family support is very important and so helpful. All we need to do is ask, and they will help us.

"Support from our friends has also been invaluable, although some have not known how to react to the news.

"My company and my boss have also been very understanding and supportive."

Even their neighbours are very helpful, being ever willing to help provide meals, or even lend their maid when needed, says Yap. (Their own maid has returned to her country, and they now cope alone with the help of Lim's mother, who stays with them.)

Because there are so many bodily functions affected by SMA, which develop at different times, Yap and Lim are focusing on one step at a time.

"We will follow Branden's development, and react accordingly," Yap says.

Although Branden may not live a normal lifespan, his parents are determined to enjoy him in the time that they have.

"We accept that it is not going to get any better, but we are going to make the best of it," she says.

"Branden is such a happy boy, he brings us a lot of joy, and there's really a lot to celebrate about him. We want to enjoy him in the present, as he is."

SMA Facts
  • Some basic information on the genetic disorder spinal muscular atrophy (SMA):
  • It is a rare autosomal recessive disease affecting one in 6,000 - 10,000 individuals.
  • It is the leading genetic cause of death in children under two years of age.
  • Around one in 40-50 people are carriers of the defective SMN1 gene.
  • There is no cure.
Type I (Infantile; Werdnig-Hiffmann disease)
Age of onset: 0 - 6 months
  • Ususally exhibits floppy baby syndrome, a weak sucking reflex, difficulty breathing and sucking, and is unable to stand or sit without help.
  • Has a poor prognosis, with most patients dying before two years of age from pneumonia-induced respiratory failure.
Type II (Intermediate Dubowitz disease)
Age of onset: 6 - 18 months
  • Has delayed motor development, usually unable to crawl or stand, but can sit unsupported.
  • At higher risk of respiratory infections
  • Often live into their teens, but with significant motor impairment
Type III (Juvenile; Wolhlfart-Kugelberg-Welander disease)
Age of onset:   After 18 months
  • Characteristics: Symptoms can appear any time from 18 months to adolescence.
  • Can usually stand and walk independently, but may eventually lose these abilities as their condition progresses. Fingers and hands may tremble.
  • Life expectancy is near normal
Type IV (Adult)
Age of onset:   Adulthood
  • Symptoms usually appear after the age of 35, although they can manifest as early as 18 years of age.
  • The least common type of the disease.
  • Shows progressive muscle weakness and tremours.
  • Life expectancy is normal.

Wednesday, January 23, 2013

COE premiums mostly down after latest bidding exercise

SINGAPORE: Certificate of Entitlement (COE) premiums were mostly down at the end of the latest bidding exercise at 4pm on Wednesday.

For small cars, the premium fell S$1,090 to S$91,010.

The premium for big cars closed down S$709 to S$95,501.

In the goods vehicles and buses category, the premium was down S$2,949 to end at S$57,051, while COE premiums for motorcycles ended at S$1,781, down S$152.

The only category where premiums rose was the open category, which went up S$1,788 to S$97,889.

While the changes are not significant, some car dealers are advising consumers against holding out on buying.

Mr Raymond Tang, a car dealer, said: "If you carry on waiting, because of the next quota premium, the COE is getting less, it is definitely not going to benefit you. But of course, you have to see your own financial status. If you don't want to spend so much, you can actually go to the used-car market."

Mr Tang expects premiums to continue heading north, going forward.

Tuesday, January 22, 2013

Singapore Dec inflation likely edged up to 3.85% y-o-y

SINGAPORE - Singapore's inflation likely edged higher to 3.85 per cent year-on-year in December, quickening from November's 3.6 per cent as car prices rose at a faster pace, according to the median estimate of 12 economists polled by Reuters.

Singapore's central bank forecast is for headline inflation to come in slightly above 4.5 per cent in 2012 and to slow in the following year to between 3.5 and 4.5 per cent.

The city-state's inflation averaged 4.6 per cent in the first 11 months of 2012.

Earlier, when the poll involved 10 economists, the median forecast for December inflation was 3.8 per cent year-on-year. With two more economists, the median rose to 3.85 per cent.

Higher subsidies to make child & infant care more affordable

SINGAPORE: From April, lower and middle income families will enjoy higher government subsidies in child and infant care services, under a new subsidy framework.

The framework complements other measures to defray the costs of child-raising under the Marriage and Parenthood Package announced on Monday.

All parents will continue to receive a basic subsidy at the current rate of S$300 a month for child care and infant care programmes.

Families with a gross monthly income of S$7,500 and below will receive an additional subsidy.

Eligible families using full-day programmes will see an increase in their current child care subsidies of at least S$100 and infant care subsidies of at least S$200, with lower income families receiving more.

For example, a lower income household with a monthly income of S$2,500 and below will get an extra S$440 for a basic full-day childcare programme. This will bring its total subsidy to S$740.

The additional subsidy will replace the Centre-Based Financial Assistance Scheme for Child Care (CFAC) which provides child care related financial assistance for families earning S$3,500 and below.

Up to two-thirds of households will benefit.

Acting Minister for Social and Family Development Chan Chun Sing announced the new framework after a visit to YWCA Child Development Centre on Wednesday.

He said it puts Singapore comfortably in the top half of OECD (Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development) countries, in terms of affordability of pre-school services.

Mr Chan said the subsidies will cover a large part of costs, as the median cost of a full-day childcare programme in an HDB estate is about S$615.

The new subsidy framework will increase the government's investment in child and infant care by S$105 million and bring the total budget for government spending in this area to about S$360 million for financial year 2013.

New scheme to help defray children's healthcare bills

SINGAPORE: From March, the Ministry of Health (MOH) will set aside S$8 million annually under a new Medifund Junior scheme to help needy Singaporeans defray their children's healthcare bills.

The scheme, applicable to children aged below 18, will require an additional S$10 million in Medifund assistance over 5 years, to supplement current funds. The ministry will review whether the amount is sufficient thereafter, said the MOH in a statement.

Needy families will be able to draw on Medifund Junior for help with their children's healthcare bills at public hospitals, said the ministry.

"By creating Medifund Junior, MOH can target more financial assistance for sick children from needy families. This will also help defray costs incurred by children diagnosed with congenital or neonatal conditions before 1 March 2013," said the ministry.

From March, MediShield coverage for congenital and neonatal conditions will kick in. All Singaporean newborns born on or after March 1 will be covered, without having to be assessed for pre-existing conditions, if their parents do not opt them out.

All existing policyholders will automatically receive coverage for any congenital conditions diagnosed on or after March 1, 2013. This extension will be implemented together with previous MediShield enhancements announced earlier.

To support Singaporean families pay for their child's MediShield premiums and defray other healthcare expenses, the government will set up a Medisave account and deposit a one-off Medisave grant of S$3,000 over two tranches for all newborn Singapore citizens born on or after August 26, 2012.

The KK Women's and Children's Hospital (KKH) puts up on average 400 Medifund applications a month.

95 per cent of these applications are usually successful with families getting assistance from Medifund.

However, as Medifund is targeted at lower income families, the middle income families are usually left out as they don't meet the criteria.

"Some of them, even though they are from the middle income families, some of the bills can be quite costly. So for these large bills, we are giving the hospitals more flexibility under the Medifund Junior to be able to help these middle income families," said Health Minister Gan Kim Yong.

Healthcare institutions will assess the out-of-pocket expenses by the needy families and their family resources before offering them assistance under this new fund.

Needy children diagnosed with congenital or neonatal conditions before 1 March will also be able to use the new fund to help defray costs. These include stays at the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) at KKH.

Ms Mavis Teo, a medical social worker at KKH, said: "For example, a couple with a newborn child with congenital problems and this is a dual-income family with an average income of about S$4,000...if (the child stays) in NICU and it costs them about S$20,000 to S$30,000, we would be able to help them to cover some of the medical expenses for the NICU stay."

For those with more serious premature cases or those with neonatal or congenital conditions, hospital stay may range between one month and six months, and on the average bills can be anything from S$10,000 to S$60,000.

In extremely rare cases, babies with severe complications needing multi-stage surgeries and treatment, medical expenses may even exceed S$100,000.

The hospital's NICU, which also treats premature babies, will be expanded.

Doctors at the KKH say that its NICU is usually run at full capacity due to the rising number of admissions in the past few years.

As such, the unit will undergo renovation and see its bed capacity rise from the current 24 to 40 in the next five years, making it the largest facility in the region.

Associate Professor Samuel Rajadurai, a doctor at KKH, said the incidence of premature babies has gone up by 10 to 13.5 per cent over 20 years.

A number of factors have led to this phenomenon, including the older age of mothers and better monitoring of mothers during their pregnancies.

The hospital also plans to expand its outpatient as well as ambulatory services and increase the number of beds.

Contact me now to find out more about the new changes in the MediShield Plan

Tuesday, January 15, 2013

Singapore cooling: Mortgage loans could drop up to 20%

Singapore’s broad range of new property curbs is an indication that the government is willing to trade off economic growth for social issues, said DBS Chief Executive Piyush Gupta (pictured).

The official forecast for GDP growth this year is between one and three percent and Gupta believes that Singapore will likely perform in the bottom end of the range.

This as the government puts social priorities ahead of the economy, as seen in its latest restrictions that “are likely to have a lot more teeth than anything we’ve seen so far”.

“You don't have to be terribly prescient because they've been making it very clear now - for some time - that they're willing to trade off growth for what they call sustainable growth. Which means they're willing to trade off growth for social harmony.”

Meanwhile, there could be a significant decline in mortgage loans for 2013, according to DBS’ chief.

“I think there will be a slowdown because of all three things - higher cost to property, lower loan to valuation ratios and higher debt burden ratios.”

“Rates are still at historic lows, so we've to balance a lot of money available with low rates, because of all the measures. So it's tough to call how much the slowdown will be.”

He expects a drop of between 10 and 20 percent “on a sustained basis in terms of mortgage loans”.

Wednesday, January 9, 2013

Polytechnic graduates' starting salaries up in 2012

An annual graduate employment survey has found that the median gross monthly starting salary for post-national service graduates last year went up from $2,100 in 2011 to $2,253 last year.

The Graduate Employment Survey, jointly conducted by the five polytechnics in 2012, revealed that polytechnic graduates who are currently in the workforce have enjoyed an increase in starting salaries. This increase applies to both fresh graduates and post-National Service (NS) graduates.

The employment rate also remains high at 91.0% for fresh graduates, and 93.1% for post-NS graduates.

The percentage engaged in full-time permanent employment rate was 65.4% for fresh graduates and 77.8% for post-NS graduates.

A total of 9,982 fresh graduates took part in the Survey. As at Oct 1, 2012, the overall employment rate was 91.0%, compared to 92.1% in 2011. The proportion of economically active fresh graduates in full-time permanent employment was 65.4%, compared to 67.0% in 2011.

Median gross monthly salary among fresh graduates in full-time permanent employment was $1,950, compared to $1,850 in 2011.

Among the 4,347 post-NS respondents, the overall employment rate was 93.1%, compared to 94.7% in 2011. The proportion of economically active post-NS graduates holding full-time permanent jobs was 77.8% compared to 80.1% in 2011.

The median gross monthly salary of post-NS graduates in full-time permanent employment was $2,253, compared to $2,100 in 2011.

Among the fresh graduates in full-time permanent employment, the course categories with the highest median gross salaries are from the Health Sciences ($2,000) and Built Environment, Engineering & Maritime ($2,000) courses.

Among post-NS graduates in full-time permanent employment, the course categories which commanded the highest median gross salaries are: Health Sciences ($2,429); Business, Management, Design & Others ($2,400); and Built Environment, Engineering & Maritime ($2,300).

The annual Graduate Employment Survey is jointly conducted by Nanyang, Ngee Ann, Republic, Singapore and Temasek polytechnics to ascertain the employment status of polytechnic graduates.

The 2012 Survey was conducted between October and November 2012 and attracted a total of 14,329 respondents. They were asked to respond based on their employment status on Oct 1, 2012.

The respondents comprised fresh graduates who completed their studies in 2012 and were not liable for National Service after graduation, and post-NS graduates of 2009 who completed their full-time National Service between April 1, 2011 and March 31, 2012.

Small car COE breaches $92,000 mark

SINGAPORE - The COE premiums for small cars (up to 1,600cc) breached the $90,000 mark, finishing the year's first bidding session at $92,100.

This is up 12.4 per cent from last month's bidding where prices ended at $81,889.

Prices for big cars in Cat B (above 1,600 cc) also reached a new high, ending at $96,210. The previous record-breaking price was $94,502 in August 2012.

Premiums for motorcycles and the open category (used for any vehicle type but used mainly for luxury cars) also saw increases from the previous session that ended on December 19.

COEs for motorcycles will now cost $1,933, up from $1,701 while prices in the Open Category rose to $96,101, up from $95,990.

There was some relief in the commercial vehicle category with prices dropping to $60,000, down 3.5 per cent from last bidding's $62,201.

Jan 2013 - First bidding
Category Jan 09 prices Dec 19 prices
Cars (1,600CC below) $92,100 $81,889
Cars (above 1,600CC) $96,210 $93,501
Commercial vehicles $60,000 $62,201
Motorcycles $1,933 $1,701
Open category $96,101 $95,990

Monday, January 7, 2013

Top 10 healthcare changes to note for 2013

The new year is beginning and the changes announced by the Government in 2012 will soon be rolled out.

Keep abreast of the latest developments by reading on the top 10 upcoming health care changes that all Singaporeans should know about:

Improvements to MediShield  

IN A NUTSHELL: From March, the Ministry of Health will introduce sweeping changes to the MediShield insurance scheme, the low-cost catastrophic illness insurance plan covering 92 per cent of the population which was introduced in 1990.

The maximum age covered by MediShield will be raised from 85 to 90 years, to ensure people will get health coverage even as they live longer.

The current maximum entry age of 75 will also be scrapped so that more healthy elderly people who are uninsured can join the scheme.

The maximum amount claimable each year as well as the lifetime claim limit will also be raised so that more exceptionally large bills are are covered.

Acute psychiatric hospital care and short stays in emergency departments will also be covered, so people do not miss out on timely and appropriate treatment of mental illnesses.

The changes followed public consultation in July and August last year.

SIGNIFICANCE: The enhanced MediShield covers more people for more types of illnesses for a longer time span. It offers a lifeline to those worried about hefty medical bills even as they live longer.

It is also good news to those who have difficulty upgrading to a more comprehensive insurance plan due to health reasons or because they had almost reached the benefit limits, as they should be able to enjoy improvements to their current plans.

But broader coverage means premiums will have to rise to meet the increased claim amounts and number of claims.

The premiums will increase by less than $10 per month for those aged 65 and below and up to $21 per month for those aged above 65.

To help with higher premiums and deductibles, the Government will give a one-off Medisave top-up of up to $400 to all Singaporeans insured under MediShield or Medisave-approved integrated shield plans. The money will be credited to the accounts from March.

In addition, 85 per cent of Singaporeans aged 66 and older will get a Medisave top-up of $250 to $450 every year under the Goods and Services Tax Voucher scheme. The scheme helps lower- and middle-income Singaporeans with their expenses.

With the top-ups, people aged 60 years and older, and those 20 years and younger, will pay lower premiums for the next two years.

New medical school 

IN A NUTSHELL: The new Lee Kong Chian School of Medicine will open this year with 54 students. The school, which will focus on "treating the patient and not the illness", is jointly run by the Nanyang Technological University and Imperial College London in Britain.

Tan Tock Seng Hospital will be the main training hospital for the students. They will start interacting with patients from the first year and track patients' progress from their time of hospital admission to their stays in a nursing home and outpatient rehabilitation.

SIGNIFICANCE: It will be the third medical school here, after the Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine at National University of Singapore and the Duke- NUS Graduate Medical School.

The three schools will eventually produce 500 medical graduates a year.

This would improve the ratio of doctors to patients here.

With 10,057 doctors on the registry in 2011, Singapore has one doctor for every 537 people. This is a far better ratio than the one doctor to 700 people in 2001, but it is still behind that of most developed countries.

The United States has one doctor for every 390 people, while Australia has one per 334 people. The need for doctors will continue to grow, given the new hospitals that are set to open in the next few years.

These include the 700-bed Ng Teng Fong Hospital in Jurong and the Integrated Building for Changi General Hospital and St Andrew's Community Hospital, both slated to open next year. By 2015, new community hospitals will also be built next to Ng Teng Fong Hospital and Khoo Teck Puat Hospital in Yishun.

A third community hospital will be set up next to the 700-bed Sengkang General Hospital, both of which are to be completed by 2018.

Ban on unhealthy food ads 

IN A NUTSHELL: Advertisements which make unhealthy food and drink appealing to children will be banned from early this year as part of Singapore's battle against obesity.

Topping the list of ads likely to be affected are those for sweet drinks and fast food which contain high amounts of oil and salt.

Announcing this last October, Health Minister Gan Kim Yong said the action is not targeted at specific brands, but at unhealthy food.

In the same month, 14 major food and beverage firms belonging to industry association Food Industry Asia pledged to cut back on advertising on unhealthy food to children.

The firms include Coca-Cola, Nestle, Ferrero and McDonald's.

The pledge covers products high in saturated fat, trans fat, sugar and salt.

Under this voluntary framework, firms will not advertise on television, in print and on websites where 35 per cent or more of the audience are aged below 12.

SIGNIFICANCE: The move is an important initiative because eating habits are formed at a relatively young age and Singapore is seeing a steady rise in obesity rates.

These rates have risen by 1per cent a year over the past three years. In Singapore today, 11 per cent of adults and 9 per cent of children are obese.

Half of these children will grow up to be adults with diabetes, which increases a person's risk of serious illness, including blindness, stroke and heart attack.

The proportion of adults aged 18 to 69 suffering from diabetes has grown from 8.2 per cent in 2004 to 11.3 per cent in 2010.

The experience in the West indicates that there will be a tipping point - when obesity affects 17 per cent to 18 per cent of the population - beyond which the rate rises even faster.

Hence, it is important to act now to prevent obesity from becoming a real epidemic.

S'pore to host first regional World Health Summit 

IN A NUTSHELL:  Singapore will host the first regional conference of the prestigious World Health Summit in April.

Its theme is health for sustainable development in Asia. The three-day event will be hosted by the National University of Singapore and MOH Holdings, the holding company for public health-care assets.

About 500 to 600 participants - including leaders in health care, policy and research - are expected.
The topics discussed will include health issues in the region, ranging from an ageing population to illnesses related to rising pollution levels.

SIGNIFICANCE:  This will be the first time that a regional version of the annual World Health Summit will be held outside Berlin, Germany, since the summit started in 2009.

Regional meetings have tended to be planning sessions for the Berlin event.

The regional summit will offer opportunities for Asian countries to take stock of the health challenges ahead and outline strategies to counter these threats.

IVF guidelines tightened 

IN A NUTSHELL:  By Tuesday, all assisted reproduction centres have to conform with standards established by Australia's Reproductive Technology Accreditation Committee.

Fertility centres now have to be recertified every two years.

There are 10 assisted reproduction clinics in public hospitals and in the private sector.

SIGNIFICANCE:  This latest measure follows revised guidelines on licensing terms and conditions of assisted reproduction centres implemented by the Ministry of Health last April.

They were aimed at boosting standards in clinical practices and workflow processes after an in-vitro fertilisation (IVF) botch-up at Thomson Fertility Centre in 2010.

A mix-up in sperm samples led to a woman having a baby, now two years old, with a stranger's sperm. Key additions include a list of proper laboratory practices and stringent counter-checking of specimen identification.

New ward at KTPH to ease bed crunch 

IN A NUTSHELL: A new 32-bed ward is expected to be ready early this year at Khoo Teck Puat Hospital (KTPH) in Yishun.

The 980 sq m area is being converted from a rooftop garden.

A new lift will also be added, since the current ones in Tower B, where the new ward will be, are already operating at optimum capacity. Construction started last July.

SIGNIFICANCE: The building of a new ward at KTPH will mean more beds for patients.

The need for the newest public hospital in Singapore, which opened in 2010, to expand, highlights how critical the public hospital bed crunch situation is. Alexandra Health group chief executive
Liak Teng Lit said he had expected to add more wards only after the hospital had functioned for five to 10 years.

KTPH is facing occupancy rates of more than 80 per cent, which is considered very high. Private hospitals prefer to keep occupancy rates in the low 70 per cent for a comfortable turnover of patients.

Changi General Hospital, Tan Tock Seng Hospital and, occasionally, National University Hospital, are experiencing an even bigger squeeze, with bed occupancy rates of more than 90 per cent.

The continued high demand for hospital beds has come as a surprise to many, since the opening of
KTPH added 550 more beds, bringing the total number of beds in public general hospitals to more than 5,800.

Part of the problem, it seems, is that families are often reluctant to take home elderly relatives who are recovering from illnesses.

Faster approval for high-risk medical devices 

IN A NUTSHELL: From this month, doctors and hospitals will be able to bring in many high-risk medical devices more quickly and cheaply.

These devices are categorised as Class C devices, such as X-ray machines and ventilators, and Class D devices, such as breast implants and intra-uterine devices. They account for roughly 40 per cent of all medical device applications.

Class C devices are now expected to be approved by the Health Sciences Authority (HSA) within 120 working days, at an evaluation fee of $3,000, down from 220 working days, at an evaluation fee of $5,700.

They have to be first approved by at least one foreign health authority recognised by the HSA.
The turnaround time for class D devices is now 180 working days, at an evaluation fee of $5,400, significantly less than the previous 310 working days, at an evaluation fee of $11,400 for the full evaluation route.

They have to be first approved by two or more foreign health authorities.

SIGNIFICANCE: These changes should make for speedier delivery of health care. Since 2010, the HSA has mandated that high-risk medical devices must be registered before they can be used here.

Last January, it extended this rule to include medium- and low-risk devices.

The move drew much criticism from doctors and importers. They questioned whether it was necessary for the HSA to assess devices which have been approved in other countries.

They argued that the high cost and complexity of registration and the time taken to process applications would push up health-care costs and reduce the number of devices in use here.

Within two weeks of these problems being highlighted last April, the HSA scrapped registration for about 4,700 class A or low-risk devices, such as wheelchairs, and cut the application time and fees for about 3,650 class B or low- to medium-risk devices devices, such as catheters.

Last August, the HSA cut the costs for devices brought in through the special authorisation route - items needed in a hurry, or for specific patients, exhibitions or training - from $500 to between $150 and $350.

Blueprint of genes linked to myopia mapped 

IN A NUTSHELL: A blueprint of the main genes linked to myopia will be unveiled by researchers here by the end of this year.

The project combined the results of three large studies on 5,000 myopic adults and children here, comparing their genetic make-up to that of those without the condition.

It has identified several genes associated with high myopia of 600 degrees and above.

The researchers hope to fine-tune, in a few years' time, a test to identify such sufferers for early treatment, before they become severely myopic and face the risk of going blind.

The massive research effort to uncover the genetic basis of myopia involves researchers from the Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine at National University of Singapore, the Duke-NUS Graduate Medical School, Singapore Eye Research Institute and the Genome Institute of Singapore.

SIGNIFICANCE: Short-sightedness or myopia, typically caused by an elongated eyeball, is the result of both genes and the environment.

A blueprint of the main genetic variants of myopia will allow researchers to develop predictive tools that combine gene tests with environmental factors, and recommend treatment for those who need it the most.

One of the leading causes of visual impairment and blindness, myopia poses a significant public health burden in Singapore and the region.

Asia is experiencing a myopia epidemic, particularly in its big cities. Rates of the visual defect have been rising over the past two decades.

In Singapore, the myopia capital of the world, eight in 10 people are short-sighted by the time they are 18.

New medical complex at Farrer Park 

IN A NUTSHELL: Connexion at Farrer Park (right), a development which includes a hospital, hotel and medical suites, is expected to open this year.

Built directly above the Farrer Park MRT Station, the six-storey podium with two 20-storey high-rise wings will have a medical centre housing more than 200 medical specialists in 189 consultation suites. It will also have a 83-bed private hospital with a luxury hotel and a shopping mall.

It is run by the Farrer Park Company, comprising private medical and hospitality specialists as well as foreign investors.

SIGNIFICANCE: Connexion at Farrer Park will open on the heels of Mount Elizabeth Novena Hospital, run by regional private health-care provider Parkway Pantai, and Fortis Colorectal Hospital, run by Indian private health-care group Fortis Healthcare. Both opened last July.

They could strengthen Singapore's position as a destination for medical tourism.

Already, foreign patients make up a significant number in some private hospitals here. For instance, at Mount Elizabeth Hospital, about half of its patients hailed from overseas, The Business Times reported last March.

Despite the economic boon of medical tourism, some experts have warned that excessive growth of the industry may put more stress on the health-care system and squeeze the supply of doctors here even further.

Heart centre moves to new home 

IN A NUTSHELL: The National Heart Centre Singapore will move into a new 12-storey, $266million building at the end of this year.

The new 8,800 sq m site will be just down the road - about 400m away - from the present four-storey building on the Singapore General Hospital campus.

The centre will operate on a new concept that wraps services around the patient. For instance, patients, who are often the elderly, can see a doctor and have a blood test and an electrocardiogram on the same floor, instead of having to walk from place to place for these services.

Other features designed with the elderly in mind include distinctly coloured signs with large font, non-slip vinyl floors and motion-sensor lights.

SIGNIFICANCE: The new building is designed with the growing number of patients at the centre - one in three of whom are aged 65 and above - in mind.

The centre treated 108,000 patients last year, a figure that is set to rise by 60 per cent in the next decade.

The number of first-time elderly patients has shot up by 44 per cent since 2002. There will be 38 consultation rooms - more than double the current 18.

Tuesday, January 1, 2013

How to be happy

The results of the recent Gallup poll, as well as other surveys, seem to indicate that Singaporeans are an unhappy people. This surprises me because, objectively, we should be a happy people.

I consider myself a happy person. I would therefore like to share with my fellow Singaporeans 10 rules which may help to make them a more happy people.


Be a positive, optimistic and kind person.

Whether you are a happy or unhappy person depends largely on yourself.

Negative and pessimistic people are generally unhappy people. Be kind to others. Kindness begets kindness. Try to do a good deed every day.

You will find that by brightening the lives of others, you will brighten your own life.


Have a happy family.

Be good to your parents. If they are elderly and living by themselves, try to visit them at least once a week and share a weekly meal with them. One of the problems encountered by our older folks is loneliness.

Be on excellent terms with your spouse. Whenever I am asked to speak at wedding dinners, I always advise the groom to do three things: Be faithful to his wife, treat her as if they were still courting and give her all his money. The last advice does not apply in cases where the wife is a spender and not a saver.

As for how to behave towards one's children, I have always liked the advice given by Kahlil Gibran: "And though they are with you yet they belong not to you. You may give them your love but not your thoughts. For they have their own thoughts."

If you are lucky enough to have grandchildren, love them with all your heart.


Find a job you enjoy doing.

I think one of the reasons so many Singaporeans are unhappy is that they do not like their jobs. Since we spend so much of our lives at work, it is important to find a job which is not a chore to endure but a pleasure to do.

In recent years, I have noticed a trend of many Singaporeans leaving their jobs for other jobs which pay them less but give them greater satisfaction. This is a good thing.


Treasure your friends.

In your life journey, you will make many friends - at school, at university, in sports or other activities and at work. I hope you will develop a small circle of very good friends, friends who will stand by you in good times and bad times.


Exercise regularly.

My wife and I try to swim every day. Exercise not only makes you healthier, it also makes you feel better. Therefore, make regular exercise a part of your lifestyle.

You can't be a happy person if you are not in good health.


Enjoy eating but eat healthily and avoid the sin of gluttony.

Singapore is a culinary paradise. Food is abundant, diverse and affordable.

You can eat well on any budget. Let us enjoy our food but let us also exercise some discipline when choosing what to eat. I have always tried to follow the ancient Asian wisdom of stopping when I feel 80 per cent full.


Be a volunteer and support philanthropy.

I once heard a speech by Mrs Barbara Bush, the wife of the 41st President of the United States. She said there was a period in her life when she suffered from depression. Instead of seeing a psychiatrist or taking medication to overcome her depression, she decided to be a volunteer. She found that by helping others less fortunate than herself, her depression gradually disappeared.

Whether we are rich or poor, we should contribute to a cause or causes close to our hearts. In spite of our favourable tax regime and the presence of many wealthy people in our society, I was very disappointed to see how lowly Singapore ranked in the table of countries for philanthropy.

A wise man once said that no man could be truly happy if he lives only for himself.


Read books and listen to music.

Reading is an excellent habit. Books keep me company when I am alone. Books transport me to another country, another culture, another time and into the lives of other people. Reading is an endless source of happiness.

So is music. I listen to music every day. I thank 92.4 FM for bringing me so much joy every day.


Take pleasure in the little things in life.

My wife and I love our regular walks in the Botanic Gardens. I love to watch the sunset.

I find joy in meeting an old friend, attending a concert at the Esplanade and visiting a wonderful exhibition at one of our museums.

Most of all, I enjoy being with my grandson.


Don't envy others.

I received this good advice from a wise man, Dr Wee Kim Wee, our sixth President.

Dr Wee once told me that one of the reasons which caused people to be unhappy was that they were envious of others. Dr Wee said he never envied his friends who had a better education or earned more money or lived in bigger houses or owned more expensive cars.

His rule was to be contented with what he had. I think this is a good rule.

Philosophically, it would be even better if you could feel vicariously happy when you see your friends and former students doing well in life.

Professor Tommy Koh is Ambassador-at-Large with the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Singapore.

Slew of new measures take effect on Jan 1

SINGAPORE: A slew of new measures kick in on Tuesday. Among them are parents getting better support in raising a child and employers abiding by a weekly day-off policy for foreign maids. Car buyers and taxi users too will benefit from new regulations.

The Child Development Account under the Baby Bonus scheme is aimed at helping families with the costs of raising children. It is a savings account where parents' deposits are matched dollar-for-dollar by the government, up to a cap ranging from S$6,000 to S$18,000, depending on the birth order of the child.

From January, parents can continue to dip into the savings account until their children are 12 years old, instead of six. This includes paying for healthcare and childcare fees.

Associate Professor Paulin Straughan, a sociologist with the National university of Singapore (NUS), said the move is pertinent, given the demands of raising a child.

She added: "A big concern for parents now is childcare. And childcare for school-going primary kids, primary school kids are not cheap. For example, after school care. So if they are allowed to dip into the CDA for this, it will certainly help working dual-income families significantly."

The new year also marks the start of mandatory weekly rest-days for foreign domestic workers. This will apply to those whose work permits are issued or renewed from January 1, 2013. All maids will be covered by the new legislation by 2015.

Employers and workers should agree on which day of the week the rest day falls, and if there's no day-off, employers must give monetary compensation.

Employment agencies are also expected to play a larger role.

President of the Association of Employment Agencies, K Jayaprema, said: "The employers are going to need the employment agencies to be part of this, because we are supposed to negotiate the off-days, we are supposed to witness the paperwork, when the domestic worker actually agrees not to take her day off and to be compensated.

"So I will strongly encourage employers to ensure that when they are going through this process of off-days with the employees, they should work with the employment agencies involved."

Separately, those eyeing a new car can stand to benefit from the new Carbon Emissions-Based Vehicle Scheme. Owners of cars which are more fuel-efficient and emit less carbon will enjoy rebates of up to S$20,000. This will be given as an offset against the vehicle's Additional Registration Fee.

To make an informed choice, buyers are advised to look out for the mandatory Fuel Economy Labelling Scheme (FELS) at showrooms.

The Land Transport Authority said only cars that are approved by LTA under FELS can be registered for use from January 1.

Those who do not own a car may also now find it easier to get a cab. That is because operators must ensure that 70 per cent of their fleet are on the road during peak hours and clock an average daily mileage of 250 kilometres. This translates to around eight to nine hours on the road per day, five days a week.

Observers believe the move may burden smaller operators and cause them to merge, in order to meet the standards.

Associate Professor Lee Der-Horng of the Department of Civil Engineering at NUS said: "With this quality of service measurement, this may become a burden to the smaller operators. Because given their size and given their corporate resources, it may be even more difficult for them to satisfy (the requirements).

"Perhaps we may see a merger between the smaller operators but from the passengers side, this may be good news as well. After the merger, they may better cooperate resources and they may be able to provide better service to passengers."

Taxis will be also allowed to pick up and drop off passengers along roads within the Central Business District, except for roads with bus lanes during the operating hours of the lanes.

Singapore's economy grows 1.1% on-year for Q4 2012

SINGAPORE: Singapore's economy performed better than expected in the fourth quarter despite talks of a technical recession.

The economy grew by 1.8 per cent, an upturn from the contraction of 6.3 per cent in the preceding quarter. It also grew at a modest pace of 1.1 per cent on a year-on-year basis in the fourth quarter of 2012, an improvement from the flat growth in the previous quarter.

For the whole of 2012, the economy is estimated to have grown by 1.2 per cent. This is slightly lower than MTI's growth forecast of around 1.5 per cent, as weakness in the manufacturing sector continued to weigh down on the economy.

On a quarter-on-quarter basis, the manufacturing sector contracted by an annualised rate of 10.8 per cent, extending the 9.9 per cent decline in the previous quarter. This largely reflected the continued weakness in the output of the electronics cluster.

On a year-on-year basis, the sector contracted by 1.5 per cent in the fourth quarter, following the 1.6 per cent decline in the preceding quarter.

The construction sector grew by 5.9 per cent on-year, moderating from the 7.7 per cent growth in the preceding quarter.

Singapore's economy grew 1.8% in Q4, dodged recession

SINGAPORE - Singapore's economy grew 1.8 per cent in the fourth quarter from the preceding three months at an annualised rate and after seasonal adjustments, defying expectations it would go into recession.

Manufacturing was the worst-performing sector in the trade-dependent Southeast Asian city-state, shrinking 10.8 per cent at a quarter-on-quarter annualised and seasonally adjusted rate.

But services provided some positive news, rising 7.0 per cent quarter-on-quarter.

From a year earlier, economic growth was 1.1 per cent in the fourth quarter and 1.2 per cent for the whole year, below the government's forecast of around 1.5 per cent for 2012 and far weaker than the 4.9 per cent expansion in 2011.

Key points:

  • Singapore, whose trade is around three times its gross domestic product, last had a recession in 2009.
  • The median estimate of economists polled by Reuters was for a quarter-on-quarter contraction of 0.9 per cent and year-on-year growth of 0.9 per cent.

    Michael Wan, Economist at Credit Suisse:

    "The Q4 numbers were a surprise partly because of what the prime minister said. We thought there would be a technical recession."

    "However, services also brought the Q4 growth up in spite of the weakness in manufacturing. Manufacturing was also not as weak as industrial production numbers implied. This contributed to the upward surprise."

    "For 2013, we still expect growth to be weak at 2 per cent. We expect employment growth will start to moderate this year. It was stronger than expected last year, with companies hoarding labour in anticipation of tighter foreign labour rules."

    "We also expect more companies to relocate and shift out of Singapore."

    Selena Ling, Head of Treasury research at OCBC:

    "We escaped recession by the skin of our teeth because Q2 and Q3 numbers were revised lower."

    "Manufacturing still looks weak as seen from the double-digit decline (quarter-on-quarter and annualised). Near term, it's hard to see any improvement in manufacturing."

    "On the positive side, there is a rebound in momentum. Hopefully, services can provide the lift ... A recovery may come earlier than expected because the Q2 numbers have been revised down, providing a lower base."

    Joey Chew, Economist at Barclays:

    "It's a pleasant surprise we managed to avoid a recession. The whole reason is because the first two quarters were revised lower."

    "Manufacturing has contracted for three quarters in a row now, which is expected given industrial production numbers. Services grew a little better than expected. Perhaps some of the financial or tourism related industries did rebound from Q3."

    "We expect Singapore to grow 2.1 per cent in 2013. Even though we had originally expected Singapore to go into recession in Q4, we thought it would have been short lived."

    "There will be weak growth in Q1 but a more sustainable recovery from Q2 onwards. Q1 will still be precarious for the US economy, there's still uncertainties surrounding the fiscal cliff situation, debt ceiling etc. There will be some tightening that will affect households and corporates."

    Market reaction:
    The Singapore dollar was trading around 1.2217 to the US dollar compared with 1.2213 before the data.

  • - In a revision, the economy shrank 6.3 per cent in the third quarter from April-June at a seasonally adjusted and annualised rate. The previously announced number was a 5.9 per cent contraction.
  • - Singapore has been badly hit by weakness in Western economies that has crimped demand for many of its exports.
  • - The city-state's electronic manufacturers have also failed to tap surging demand for smart phones, unlike rivals such as South Korea and Taiwan. For the first 11 months of 2012, electronics production fell 11.1 per cent compared with the same period of 2011, underscoring the weakness in export markets.
  • US Senate's 'fiscal cliff' bill adds $4.8 trillion to deficits -CBO

    WASHINGTON - The Congressional Budget Office on Tuesday said Senate-passed legislation to avert the "fiscal cliff" would add nearly US$4 trillion (S$4.8 trillion) to federal deficits over a decade, largely because it would extend low tax rates for almost all Americans.

    The congressional scorekeeper's analysis was released as a number of Republicans in the House of Representatives voiced opposition to the bill, and considered amending it with deeper spending cuts.

    House Majority Leader Eric Cantor and others complained the bill's spending cuts would do little to curb trillion-dollar deficits.

    Senate-passed plan extends decade-old Bush-era tax rates for individuals earning up to US$400,000 and couples earning up to US$450,000 - nearly 99 per cent of US taxpayers.

    But the non-partisan CBO compared the Senate plan's revenue and expenditure changes to laws that are currently in force, which call for US$600 billion in tax hikes and automatic spending cuts in 2013 alone - effectively a dive off the fiscal cliff.

    With Congress feverishly working to avoid the fiscal cliff in recent weeks, many Washington policymakers had viewed the current-law budget "baseline" as unlikely to be maintained.

    Compared to an alternative CBO scenario in which Congress extends all expiring tax provisions and turns off automatic spending cuts slated to start taking effect this week, the Senate plan achieves minimal deficit reduction in the early years.

    Over 10 years, deficits under the Senate plan would be US$3.75 trillion less than permanently extending all of the tax and spending policies in the alternative scenario. That is largely because the CBO expects that remaining on an unsustainable fiscal path would severely constrict economic growth later in the decade, holding back revenue growth and keeping outlays higher.

    Fiscal 2013 Effects 

    By going over the fiscal cliff, the CBO had previously forecast that the higher taxes and lower spending would slash the fiscal 2013 US budget deficit by more than half, to US$641 billion from US$1.1 trillion the prior year.

    But in its analysis of the Senate-passed plan, the CBO said fiscal 2013 revenues would be US$280 billion lower and spending US$50 billion higher, resulting in a US$330 billion deficit increase, for a total deficit of around US$971 billion.

    Under the CBO's keep-taxes-unchanged scenario, the deficit would be US$1.04 trillion for fiscal 2013.

    None of the CBO's analyses takes into consideration possible future spending cuts and reforms to federal health care and retirement programs that Congress might make in a new budget battle emerging around mid-February over the next increase in the US debt limit.

    Euro up against dollar on US fiscal cliff deal

    SINGAPORE - The euro surged against the dollar on Wednesday as traders flocked to the riskier single currency with the US Congress poised to endorse a deal to avert the "fiscal cliff" budget crisis.

    The euro strengthened to US$1.3262 (S$1.62) in morning Asian trade from US$1.3192 on Monday.

    The euro was at 115.28 yen (S$1.62) from 114.45 yen. The dollar rose to 86.95 yen from 86.69 yen.

    The fiscal cliff deal was spurring traders to shift their investments from the safe-haven greenback to riskier currencies, said Jason Hughes, head of premium client management for IG Markets Singapore.

    The deal passed the Senate on Tuesday but its fate hung in the balance for hours as House conservatives sought to amend it to include big spending cuts, which would likely have killed its chance of passage.

    The House of Representatives was due to vote late Tuesday Washington time.

    Had the deal splintered, all Americans would have been hit by tax increases and the spending cuts would have kicked in across the government, in a combined US$500 billion shock that could have rocked the fragile recovery.

    "We saw risk currencies react positively to the fact that a deal has gone through the Senate and is likely to find its way through the House," Hughes told AFP.

    "Despite the development in the US that should be US dollar positive, it actually lends support to the risk currencies at the moment," he added.
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